Category: Regions

  • Southwest and South Australia — Landscape

    Mediterranean-climate conditions are present in two portions of Australia: southwestern Western Australia, and South Australia around Adelaide. The core Southwestern Floristic Province of Western Australia is about 302 km x 103 km in size, similar to the California Floristic Province. A region that experiences two rainy seasons is often included as well, and almost doubles […]

  • Southwest and South Australia — Plants

    The Southwestern Australia floristic region includes about 6,800 species, with large numbers of new species continuing to be described. If species that extend slightly beyond the Southwestern Botanical Province into a transitional interzone are included, 79% of the flora has been considered to be endemic, although newer analyses are lowering this figure. Notable endemics include […]

  • Southwest and South Australia — Animals

    The vertebrate fauna of Australian Mediterranean-type ecosystems are not unusually diverse, nor are many endemic. Instead, the majority are populations of more typically arid or mesic habitat species whose ranges extend into Southwestern or South Australia. The majority of the vertebrates have relatively broad ecological niches rather than specialized requirements unique to the Mediterranean-climate regions. […]

  • Southwest and South Australia — Human History

    Although aboriginal people arrived in Australia at least as far back as 40,000 years ago, European settlement of southwestern Australia did not occur until the early 19th century. Agricultural expansion, grazing, and deforestation over the past century have had profound ecological effects and have fragmented the natural landscape. Introduced animal species such as rabbits, foxes, […]

  • Mediterranean Basin – Landscape

    The Mediterranean Basin represents the largest Mediterranean-type ecosystem in the world, covering a complex landscape with great topographic and climatic heterogeneity. The total area of the region is about 2.3 x 103 square kilometers, or nearly 10 times the size of any other MTE region. The region includes more than 20 nations arrayed on both […]

  • Mediterranean Basin — Plants

    The vascular plant flora of the Mediterranean Basin includes an estimated 25,000 species, roughly 22,500 of which are native. These numbers make this region the richest among Mediterranean-type ecosystems in total plant diversity. The remaining portions of Europe  cover four times as much area but have only about 6,000 vascular plant species. The Mediterranean Basin’s […]