Category: Mediterranean Basin

  • Mediterranean Basin – Landscape

    The Mediterranean Basin represents the largest Mediterranean-type ecosystem in the world, covering a complex landscape with great topographic and climatic heterogeneity. The total area of the region is about 2.3 x 103 square kilometers, or nearly 10 times the size of any other MTE region. The region includes more than 20 nations arrayed on both […]

  • Mediterranean Basin — Plants

    The vascular plant flora of the Mediterranean Basin includes an estimated 25,000 species, roughly 22,500 of which are native. These numbers make this region the richest among Mediterranean-type ecosystems in total plant diversity. The remaining portions of Europe  cover four times as much area but have only about 6,000 vascular plant species. The Mediterranean Basin’s […]

  • Mediterranean Basin — Animals

    The vertebrate fauna of the Mediterranean Basin has a wide range of biogeographic origins, as does the region’s vascular plants. Sharp climatic oscillations during the Pleistocene led to periodic turnovers of Eurasian and African faunal elements and a resulting isolation of populations. Combined with human hunting pressures, these factors led to a decline in species […]

  • Mediterranean Basin — Human History

    A long history of human impacts on the natural landscape over thousands of years has strongly affected the environments of this region and has accelerated over the past century.  Many Western cooking herbs, such as rosemary, thyme, tarragon, sage, and oregano, are native to the Mediterranean Basin.  Most of the modern grape varieties used for […]